Year : 2015 | Volume
: 14 | Issue : 1 | Page : 30--35
Levofloxacin: formulation and in-vitro evaluation of alginate and chitosan nanospheres
Ramadoss Arun Balaji1, Sathya Raghunathan1, Radhakrishnan Revathy2
1 Department of Physics, Pharmaceutical and Drug Research Division, VelTech University, Tamil Nadu, India
2 Department of Chemistry, Rajiv Gandhi College of Engineering, Tamil Nadu, India
Background and objectives
Levofloxacin, the active l-isomer of ofloxacin, is a widely used fluoroquinolone, with activity against bacteria that causes respiratory, skin, and genitourinary tract infections, (-)-(S)-9-fluoro-2,3-dihydro-3-methyl-10-(4-methyl-1-piperazinyl)-7-oxo-7H-pyrido benzoxazine-6-carboxylic acid hemihydrates. It is a new quinolone antimicrobial agent that exhibits broad-spectrum in-vitro bactericidal activities against gram-positive and gram-negative aerobes. The aim of this study was to formulate sodium alginate nanospheres containing levofloxacin and evaluate its physiochemical properties, exploring alternative routes of administration, such as nanoparticle to develop a targeted drug delivery system and to act locally on the organ of infection with enriched therapeutic efficacy.
Materials and methods
Sodium alginate and calcium chloride solutions were prepared. A constant volume (20 μl) of levofloxacin solution was incorporated into the sodium alginate solution, and then the same method was followed for the preparation of hybrid chitosan-alginate nanoparticles. In-vitro release study was carried out by dialysis membrane for 7 h in the physiological fluid (pH 7.4 phosphate buffer solution). Morphology and structure characterization of nanoparticles were investigated by field emission scanning electron microscope and Fourier transform infrared spectra, zeta potential, X-ray diffraction, particle size analysis, respectively.
Results and conclusion
This paper reports the possibility to entrap lipophilic levofloxacin within chitosan/alginate (CS/ALG) nanoparticles using a very simple ionotropic pregelation technique; strong electrostatic interactions exist in the nanoparticles. The nanoparticles with a diameter of 25-55 nm were obtained at the optimal mass range of sodium alginate: calcium chloride:chitosan in the meta acid environment. The delivery behavior of levofloxacin from nanoparticles was studied. Levofloxacin released from chitosan-alginate nanoparticles was 71% at pH 7.4 within 7 h. The release profile was characterized by an initial burst effect in phosphate buffer solution, followed by a continuous and controlled release phase. The drug release mechanism from polymer also offers an interesting potential for the delivery of lipophilic compound.
Ramadoss Arun Balaji
Department of Physics, Pharmaceutical and Drug Research Division, VelTech University, Chennai - 600 062, Tamil Nadu
|How to cite this article:|
Balaji RA, Raghunathan S, Revathy R. Levofloxacin: formulation and in-vitro evaluation of alginate and chitosan nanospheres.Egypt Pharmaceut J 2015;14:30-35
|How to cite this URL:|
Balaji RA, Raghunathan S, Revathy R. Levofloxacin: formulation and in-vitro evaluation of alginate and chitosan nanospheres. Egypt Pharmaceut J [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Nov 28 ];14:30-35
Available from: http://www.epj.eg.net/article.asp?issn=1687-4315;year=2015;volume=14;issue=1;spage=30;epage=35;aulast=Balaji;type=0