Egyptian Pharmaceutical Journal

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2013  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 120--129

Synthesis and DPPH radical-scavenging effect of novel heterocyclic derivatives of 2-amino-4-(1-benzoylindol-3-yl)selenophene-3-carbonitrile


Eslam R El-Sawy1, Heba M Abo-Salem1, Manal Sh Ebaid1, Abd El-Nasser El-Gendy2, Adel H Mandour1 
1 Chemistry Department of Natural Compounds, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
2 Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Department, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Eslam R El-Sawy
Chemistry Department of Natural Compounds, National Research Centre, 12311 Dokki, Giza
Egypt

Background and objectives Selenophene moiety is one of the heterocyclic compounds with a selenium atom that plays a vital role in biological fields such as antioxidant, antidepressant, anticonvulsant, antimicrobial, and anticancer activities. The aim of this study was to describe the synthesis of some new heterocycles derived from 2-amino-4-(1-benzoylindol-3-yl)selenophene-3-carbonitrile derivatives and to evaluate their 2,2Ͳ-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging activity. Materials and methods 2-Amino-4-(1-benzoylindol-3-yl)selenophene-3-carbonitrile ( 3 ) was prepared and allowed to react with each of formic acid, formamide, carbon disulfide, urea, thiourea, malononitrile, or ethyl cyanoacetate to yield selenolo[2,3-d]pyrimidines 4-7 and selenolo[2,3-b]pyridine derivatives 8 and 9 , respectively. Moreover, reaction of compound 3 with hydrochloric acid or acetic anhydride in glacial acetic acid yielded selenolo[2,3-d]pyrimidin-4-one 10 and selenoacetamide derivative 11 , respectively. In contrast, reaction of Schiff base 12 with thioglycolic acid, phenacyl bromide, or chloroacetyl chloride yielded thiazolidine 13 and azidatine derivatives 14 and 15 , respectively. Reaction of compound 3 with some substituted benzenesulfonyl chlorides yielded sulfonamide derivatives 16a, b, c , respectively. Moreover, 2-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole 19 and 4-oxo-2-iminothiazolidine derivatives 21 were prepared through cyclization of hydrazinecarbothioamide 18 or chloroacetamido derivative 20, respectively. The fusion of 3 with succinic anhydride yielded pyrrolidine-2,5-dione 23 , whereas heating of 3 with succinic anhydride in ethanol yielded succinamic acid derivative 24 . The newly synthesized compounds were screened for their 2,2Ͳ-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging activity. Results and conclusion Compound 8 showed promising activity with a radical-scavenging effect (IC 50 ) of 166.40 μg/ml compared with ascorbic acid (an IC 50 of 129.64 μg/ml) as a reference standard.


How to cite this article:
El-Sawy ER, Abo-Salem HM, Ebaid MS, El-Gendy AN, Mandour AH. Synthesis and DPPH radical-scavenging effect of novel heterocyclic derivatives of 2-amino-4-(1-benzoylindol-3-yl)selenophene-3-carbonitrile.Egypt Pharmaceut J 2013;12:120-129


How to cite this URL:
El-Sawy ER, Abo-Salem HM, Ebaid MS, El-Gendy AN, Mandour AH. Synthesis and DPPH radical-scavenging effect of novel heterocyclic derivatives of 2-amino-4-(1-benzoylindol-3-yl)selenophene-3-carbonitrile. Egypt Pharmaceut J [serial online] 2013 [cited 2021 Aug 4 ];12:120-129
Available from: http://www.epj.eg.net/article.asp?issn=1687-4315;year=2013;volume=12;issue=2;spage=120;epage=129;aulast=El-Sawy;type=0