Year : 2022  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 25-29

Assessment of quality of life and prevalence of readmission in patients with myocardial infarction

1 Department of Pharmacy Practice, St Joseph’s College of Pharmacy, Cherthala, Kerala, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Lourdes Hospital, Kochi, Kerala, India
3 Department of Pharmaceutics, St Joseph’s College of Pharmacy, Cherthala, India

Correspondence Address:
M. Pharm, PhD Jeny Samuel
Department of Pharmacy Practice, St Joseph’s College of Pharmacy, Cherthala, Kerala 688524
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/epj.epj_42_21

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Background Cardiovascular diseases have been responsible for one-fifth of all deaths in India over the last decade. The overall purpose of this research was to study patients who have had a myocardial infarction (MI) and their subsequent readmission rate. The study focused on understanding the quality of life of patients with MI, the adverse effects of drugs used in MI, and the compliance of patients with their medication. Patient counselling was given by clinical pharmacists regarding the importance of medication adherence and nonpharmacological therapy such as diet and exercise in the management of MI. The study showed that patient counselling can significantly improve medication adherence and, thereby, quality of life in patients with MI. Objectives To assess the quality of life and prevalence of readmission among patients with MI, to monitor the adverse drug reactions (ADR) and its management, and to study the effect of patient counselling initiated by clinical pharmacists on medication adherence and knowledge of the patients in a tertiary care hospital. Patients and methods A total of 61 patients with MI were subjected to Morisky medication adherence scale 8-item questionnaire to measure medication adherence, modified Hartwig’s Siegel assessment scale to measure the severity of ADR, and the WHO-UPSALA evaluation scale to identify causality. The short form 36 questionnaire was used to assess the quality of life. Results and conclusion According to the study, 14 ADRs were observed. Patients who have experienced chronic MI had a far greater readmission rate. People who experienced a MI had a lower quality of life. The findings in this study revealed that patient counselling was able to enhance patient understanding and medication adherence. This contributes to the development of a positive professional relationship between the pharmacist and the patient. Better understanding of disease and medication can improve health and quality of life of patients.

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