Year : 2020  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 47-54

Investigation of lipoidal matter of Chenopodium quinoa seeds and its cytotoxicity potential against three human cancer cell lines

1 Department of Chemistry of Medicinal Plants, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt
2 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
3 Department of Chemistry of Medicinal Plants, National Research Centre, Giza; Biology Unit, Central Laboratory for Pharmaceutical and Drug Industries Research Division, National Research Centre, Giza, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MSc Shaymaa M Bata
Department of Chemistry of Medicinal Plants, National Research Centre, 33 El Bohouth Street (former El Tahrir Street), Dokki, Giza 12622
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/epj.epj_53_19

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Background and objectives Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) is a plant species that belongs to Chenopodiaceae family. It has a high nutritional value as it is rich in proteins, lipids, and fiber, and has an extraordinary balance of essential amino acids, vitamins, and minerals, in addition to a high number of health-beneficial phytochemicals, including saponins and phytosterols. The present study aims to investigate the lipoidal components of C. quinoa and assessment of C. quinoa lipoidal components and different fractions (methanol, chloroform, ethylacetate, and butanol) cytotoxicity potential against three human cancer cell lines using MTT reduction assay. Materials and methods The seeds of C. quinoa were extracted by different solvents and the extracts prepared were tested for their lipiodial constituents and cytotoxic activities in three cancer cell lines. Results and conclusion The results obtained from Gas Liquid Chromatography (GLC) analysis of nonsaponifiable fraction of C. quinoa seeds indicated that it consists mainly of a mixture of a series of n-alkanes and sterols (79.96 and 7.91%. respectively). The oil was also found to be rich in linoleic acid (52.7%) and oleic acid (25.33%). The investigation of the cytotoxic potential of the plant’s low polarity fractions, including CHCl3, and nonsaponifiable fraction against the studied cell lines revealed the sensitivity of A549 human lung cancer cells. Further studies are needed to uncover the mechanism and chemical constituents of the obtained activity of C. quinoa.

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