Year : 2016  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 173-180

Preparation and characterization of oxcarbazepine microemulsion

Department of Pharmaceutics and Pharmaceutical Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Dharmsinh Desai University, Nadiad, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Tejas B Patel
Faculty of Pharmacy, Dharmsinh Desai University, College Road, Nadiad, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1687-4315.197586

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Background Oxcarbazepine (OXZ) is an antiepileptic drug used to treat partial seizures. OXZ is available in dosage forms of tablet (150, 300, and 600 mg) and suspension (300 mg in 5 ml) in India. Children and adults complain that the suspension form has a downside in its stability (8 weeks). Aims The aim of the present investigation was to develop a microemulsion (ME) of OXZ for enhanced solubility and stability of drug in product. Materials and methods An ME comprises isopropyl myristate (oil phase), aerosol OT (a bipolar surfactant), and an aqueous phase comprising ethanol and distilled water in a ratio of 2: 8. Various ratios of oil: surfactant (1: 9 to 9: 1) were taken and the amount of aqueous phase titrated was determined using the water titration method. The data were plotted in a pseudoternary phase diagram and an optimized batch was selected. The batch was characterized by droplet size determination, zeta potential, drug content, and in-vitro dissolution studies. Results Size of the globules was found to be 53.65 and 59.15 nm in both ME 1 and ME 2, respectively; thus, it can also be termed as nanoemulsion. Zeta potential shows that the formulation is stable as it has positive zeta, giving 6.13 and 5.21 mV as zeta for ME 1 and ME 2, respectively. pH and conductance were also close to neutral, and hence the system was biocompatible. Conclusion Finally, on the basis of physicochemical characterization and stability studies, it can be concluded that water-in-oil ME for OXZ will serve as a novel drug delivery system with increased solubilization capacity and increased stability.

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